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February 06, 2011


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matt, the netherlands

great episode as usual Mike.. really interesting stuff

A Fan from the WATBL

Mike: This was a well done, very interesting episode re Diocletian's military innovations. I'm looking forward to the next two episodes and more innovations. A nice break from the parade of emporers.

Happy Birthday to Mr. and Mrs. THoR next week. A gift for each is on its way. Cheers.


Your audible link doesn't work, and hasn't for quite some time.

Ben Nicholson

It worked for me a week or so ago

The History of England

I enjoyed the episode agian, as always; also enjoyed the discussion of the views of different historians. Thanks.


Hi Mike
Have you see these clips
history for music lovers youtube channel


Hi Mike,
Love your work. I've kept all your episodes thus far so that my daughter can enjoy them in a few years. Your work is priceless.
All the best
Kai (from Melbourne, Australia)


Speaking of the army, how did equipment/armor change for the soldiers from the time of Marius to the Crisis years, to the end of the Empire?

Luise (Tasmania,Australia)

I have found these sites very interesting, they deal with Roman Army history.



The first one has popup advertising that fronts every page loaded but can be closed, a nuisance but the site is worth a look as it has many diagrams and is well researched. The second is the official site for a military history society. Lots of photos of re-enactments. If you are still thirsty for more, go to..


They have recently updated their site and there are forums to learn and share information. Another of my favourites is...



Val in Vancouver

Ave Mike:) A great episode. I wondered if you'd seen the latest news on the current mess in the Roman Empire?



The Roman legions now use scale mail armour (lorica squamata), seen on the Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki, instead of the segmented plates (lorica segmentata), seen on Trajan's column. The sword, which might be the long spatha and not the gladius, is now worn on the left instead of on the right. The shields are round and seem to be held with the left elbow flexed at 90 degrees (the rectangular shields of Trajan were supposedly held beside the body with the elbow straight). The helmets appear Germanic with metal nose and cheek guards and metal or mail neck guards.The pilum has also turned into a spear or spiculum. I think the Art of War states that the legions had returned to fighting in phalanges and not cohorts.

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